In my last blog, I discussed setting the goals and introduced the BHG (Big Hairy Goal) and my approach to pulling a plan together. In this blog, I want to expand upon the periodisation and planning part.
So I’m going to talk about periodisation, modes of training planning and the approach to planning.
Periodisation is the practice of breaking an annual training plan (macrocycle) into phases (mesocycles) where specific objectives are targeted within each phase. These are often 2 – 6 weeks in duration. These phases are then broken down further into microcycles, usually based around 1 week at a time.
Within a macrocycle, there might be 1 – 3 BHGs. Any more than that and most athletes are stretching themselves a bit thin. There might be other ‘nice to have’ goals or Little Hairy Goals (LHGs). These are often Outcome Goals (I want to win etc.), or Performance Goals (run a time etc.).
Within the macrocycle, there will be a series of objectives or sub-goals that will enable the athlete to achieve their BHG, such as:
- Improve swim technique,
- Increase FTP by 15w
- Improve fatigue resistance
- Refine transition practice
- Practice race nutrition
These are usually (but not always) process goals and are continually being updated, evolved, or new ones created. I covered much of this in my previous blog.